Saturday, April 30, 2011

April 29, 2011 A "Must See" Woods - Spurgeon

Friends among big trees and many species of flowers at Spurgeon Woodland
Our intrepid group spied twenty-three species of wildflowers in  bloom at Spurgeon Woodland Reserve - ACRES Land Trust - our record so far this year.  The wildflower display will be at its peak during the next 7-10 days.  Spurgeon is about 4 miles south of the Topeka, IN stoplight on Noble CR 600 W, a 30 minute drive from Goshen, more than worthwhile even with gas at $4.18 per gallon.

Spurgeon is one of the least disrupted woods around.  It was never heavily grazed or logged.  The forest floor is almost entirely green.  One ubiquitous plant at Spurgeon is Ramps or Wild Leek; the leaves will die back in June and late July its onion-like flower will shoot up.

Yellow Trout Lily, Erythronium americanum and White Trout Lily, E. albidum

Toad Trillium, Trillium sessile
Large-flowered Trillium, Trillium grandiflorum
Drooping Trillium, T. felxipes - The flower hands down below the leaves
Dutchman's Breeches, Dicentra cucullaria
Squirrel Corn, Dicentra canadensis
Large-flowered Bellwort
Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum

Wild Blue Phlox, Phlox divaricata
Yellow Violet, Viola pubescens
Long-spurred Violet, Viola rostrata
Bishop's Cap, Mitella diphylla - Flower is only 1/8 in long
Wood Poppy, Stylophorum diphyllum - Flower is c. 1 1/2 inches wide
Blue Cohosh,  Caulophyllum thalictroides  This green flower is easy to miss
Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
  Other native wildflowers that we found, but are not pictured above are:

Common Blue Violet, Viola sororia
Canada Violet, Viola canadensis (White petals, but faintly violet backs)
Cut-leaved toothwort, Cardamine concatenata
Cleavers, Galium aparine
Small-flowered Crowfoot, Ranunculus abortivus
Early Meadowrue, Thalictrum dioicum

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